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小学英语必备基础句型,最全整理!

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  • TA的每日心情
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    2018-7-28 15:22
  • 签到天数: 11 天

    [LV.3]偶尔看看II

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    发表于 2018-8-25 14:20:31 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

    句型1:There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语
    There’s a boat in the river. 河里有条船。

    句型2:What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?  What’s wrong with your watch?你的手表有什么毛病?
    句型3:How do you like...?  How do you like China?你觉得中国怎么样?
    句型4:What do you like about...?  What do you like about China?你喜欢中国的什么?
    句型5:had better(not)+动词原形  You’d better ask that policeman over there. 你最好去问问那边的那个警察。
    句型6:How+adj. / adv. +主语+谓语!  What a/ an+adj. +n. +主语+谓语!  How cold it is today !今天多冷啊!  What a fine picture it is!多美的一幅图画呀!
    句型7:Thank+sb. +for(doing)sth.
      Thank you for coming to see me. 感谢你来看我。
    句型8:So+be/ 情态动词/ 助动词+主语  He is a student. So am I. 他是一个学生,我也是。
    句型9:... not ... until ...  He didn’t have supper until his parents came back. 直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。
    句型10:比较级+and+比较级
      The baby cried harder and harder. 那孩子哭得越来越厉害。
    句型11:the +比较级,the +比较级  The more one has,the more one wants. 越有越贪。
    句型12:... as +adj./ adv.+as ...
      …not as(so) +adj. / adv. +as ...
      Do you think that art is as important as music?你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗?  Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today. 上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。
    句型13:more/ less +adj.+than...  I think art is less important than music. 我认为艺术不如音乐重要。
    句型14:stop…from doing sth.
      The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away. 绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。

    句型15:both ... and ...  Both you and I are students. 我和你都是学生。
    句型16:either ... or...  Either you or he is wrong . 不是你错就是他错。
    句型17:neither ... nor ...
      Neither he nor I am a student. 我和他都不是学生。

    句型18:... as soon as ...  As soon as I see him,I’ll give him the message. 我一见到他,我就把你的消息告诉他。
    句型19:... so+adj. / adv.+that ...  I was so tired that I didn’t want to speak. 我累得连话也不想说了。句型20:Though...+主句  Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time. 虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。句型21:be going to  This afternoon I’m going to buy a Qisu English book. 今天下午我要去买本奇速英语书。句型22:be different from  I think this is different from Chinese names. 我认为这与汉语名字不同。句型23:Welcome(back)to...  Welcome back to school!欢迎回到学校!
    句型24:have fun doing  We’re going to have fun learning and speaking English this term. 这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语。句型25:... because ... / ...,so ...  I don’t know all your names because this is our first lesson. 因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。
    句型26:Why don’t you ... / Why not ...  Why don’t you come to school a little earlier?为什么不早点到校呢?
    句型27:make it  Let’s make it half past nine. 让我们定在九点半吧!句型28:have nothing to do  They have nothing to do every day. 他们每天无所事事。句型29:be sure/ be sure of/ about sth. / be sure to do sb.  I think so, but I’m not sure. 我想是这样,但不敢确定。  I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone. 我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。句型30:between ... and ...
      There is a shop between the hospital and the school. 在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。
    句型31:keep sb. / sth. +adj./ V-ing/ 介词补语/ adv.
      You must keep your classroom clean. 你们必须保持教室干净。
      Sorry to have kept you waiting. 对不起,让你久等。  Can you keep him in the room ?你能让他在这个房里吗?  Keep them here. 让他们在这儿呆着。句型32:find +宾语+宾补
      He finds it very hard to travel around the big city . 他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。
    句型33:... not ... anymore/ longer
      The old man doesn’t travel any more. 这位老人不再旅行了。
      He isn’t a thief any longer. 他不再是个贼。句型34:What’s the weather like...?
      What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown ?在你们家乡春天天气怎么样?
    句型35:There is no time to do/ have no time to do
      There was no time to think. 没有时间思考。
      I have no time to go home for lunch. 我没有时间回家吃午饭。句型36:Help oneself to...
     Help yourself to some fish. 吃鱼吧!

    句型37:used to do
      I used to read this kind of story books. 我过去常读这种故事书。
    句型38:borrow ... from
      I borrowed a Qisu English book from him. 我从他那借了一本奇速英语书。

    句型39:lend sb. sth. / lend sth. to sb.
      He lent me a story book / He lent a story book to me. 他借了本故事书给我。
    句型40:have been to
      Have you ever been to Haw aii?你曾去过夏威夷吗?

    句型41:have gone to  Where’s he?He’s gone to Washington. 他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。句型42:be famous for
      Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches. 夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。
    句型43:No matter +疑问句+主句  No matter when you come,you are welcomed. 无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。句型44:be afraid(of / todo / that...)
      I’m afraid not. 恐怕不能。
      Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English. 当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。句型45:... as ... as possible / ... as ... as sb can  I hope to see him as soon as possible. 我希望能尽快见到他。  He ran here as fast as he could. 他尽最大努力跑到这儿。句型46:practise / enjoy / finish doing
      A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green. 一个年青人和格林先生练习说英语。
      Tom enjoys playing football very much. 汤姆很喜欢踢足球。  He finished reading the story book. 他看完了那本故事书。句型47:It’s said that ...
      It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark. 据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。

    句型48:Not all / everyone ...  Not all sharks are alike. 并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样。  Not everyone likes dumplings. 并不是每个人都喜欢饺子。句型49:be based on  His argument is based on facts. 他的论断是以事实为根据的。句型50:... so that ...
      Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight. 把树放入洞穴中,让它立直。
    句型51:be+num. +metres / kilometres / years...+long / wide / deep / high / old...
      The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long. 绿色长城长7000公里。
      The river is about 2 metres deep. 这条河大约有2米深。  The boy is about 12 years old . 这个男孩约12岁。句型52:keep ... from doing
      The heavy rain kept us from starting out. 大雨阻止了我们出发。
    句型53:with one’s help...
      With Tom’s help,I’ve come to America to study further. 在汤姆的帮助下,我来美国深造。
    句型54:I don’t think ...
      I don’t think any of them is interesting. 我认为他们中任何一个都无趣。
    句型55:What’s the population of ...?
      What’s the population of Germany ?德国的人口有多少?

    句型56:prefer to do … rather than do
      They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it. 他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。
    句型57:be worth (doing) …
      This book is worth reading. 这本书值得读。
    句型58:regard … as
      They regarded their pets as members of their families. 他们把宠物视为家庭成员。
    句型59:be confident of
      I’m confident of success. 我确信会成功。
    句型60:seem to do / seem +adj. / (介词短语)
      He seems to be angry. 他似乎生气了。
      The house seems too noisy. 这房子似乎太吵了。

    句型61:be angry with / about / at(doing)
      We’re all very angry with ourselves. 我们都很生自己的气。
      I was angry about his decision to build a factory here. 我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。  I was angry at being kept waiting. 这样一直等我很生气。句型62:pay for / pay … for
      He paid for the book and went away. 他付完书款便离开了。
      I paid him £200 for the painting. 买这幅画我付了他200英镑。


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