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中小学英语作文高分法宝:龙头凤尾写作法

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    2018-7-28 15:22
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    [LV.3]偶尔看看II

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    发表于 2019-1-31 15:35:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    一段作文如果有一个好的开头和一个好的结尾,整体上会为作文添分不少。英语作文和语文作文一样需要技巧,那好的开头和好的结尾到底需要哪些因素:高级词汇?谚语?优美的句式?今天,小编为你介绍作文拿高分的神器:龙头凤尾写作法。
    龙头凤尾-龙头
    1、开门见山型,直接了当
    ①对于论述性的文章,可以在开头处先阐明自己的观点,接着展开进一步的论述。如“ The Time and the Money(时间和金钱)”的开头可以是: Most people say that money is more important than time .But I don't think so. First, when money is used up. you can earn it back, but……
    ②对于叙事类的文章,可以在开头把人物、时间、事件和环境交代清楚。如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头可以是: Last month, my family went to Huangshan by train. It took us ten hours to get there. What a long and tiring journey!We were tired but the beautiful scenery excited us.
    2、倒叙开头,引人入胜
    在有的文章,特别是叙事类的文章中可以采用倒叙的写作手法,先写出事件的结果,再陈述过程。如“(Catching Thieves捉贼)”的开头可以这样写: I lay in bed in the hospital. I smiled at my friends even though my legs hurt. Do you want to know what happened to me? Let me tell you. It's a.. story。
    3、回忆型开头,吸引阅卷老师目光
    在描述事件或游记类的文章中,采用回忆性的开头往往更能吸引人的眼球。这种类型的开头中通常含有描述自己心情或情绪的词汇,如never forget(永远无法忘记)、 remember(记得)、 unforgettable(难以忘怀的)、 exciting(令人激动的)、surprising(令人惊讶的)、sad(难过的)如“ A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)的开头可以这样写: I will never forget my first trip to Huangshan 或 It was really an unforgettable experience I had。
    4、疑问式开头,引起好奇心
    在叙事类或论述性的文章中,都可采用疑问型开头,这样既可以吸引阅卷者的注意又容易抓住中心。如“ Planting Trees(种树)”的开头可以是: Have you ever planted trees? Don't you think planting trees is…再如“ Traveling abroad(出国之旅)”的开头可以是:If you
    have an opportunity to travel abroad, why not consider Singapore?
    经典提分优秀作文开头常用句:
    It can be said with certainty that...可以肯定地说......
    As the proverb says,正如谚语所说的,
    It has to be noticed that...它必须注意到,...
    It's generally recognized that...它普遍认为...
    It's hardly that...这是很难的......
    It's hardly too much to say that...它几乎没有太多的说...
    What calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是
    There's no denying the fact that...毫无疑问,无可否认
    Nothing is more important than the fact that...没有什么比这更重要的是…
    what's far more important is that...更重要的是…
    Recently, the problem of … has aroused people's concern.
    最近,……问题已引起人们的关注.
    The Internet has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
    互联网已在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色.它给我们带来了许多好处,但也产生了一些严重的问题.
    Nowadays, (overpopulation) has become a problem we have to face.
    如今,(人口过剩)已成为我们不得不面对的问题了.
    It is commonly believed that … / It is a common belief that …
    人们一般认为……
    Many people insist that …
    很多人坚持认为……
    With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that…
    随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为……
    A lot of people seem to think that …
    很多人似乎认为……
    龙头凤尾--凤尾
    5、首尾呼应,有始有终
    升华主题在文章的结尾可以用含义较深的话点名主题,深化主题,起到“画龙点睛“的效果,如“I love my hometown”(我爱家乡)的结尾可以是“I love my hometown ,and i am proud of it”。
    1、愿望式结尾,划重点:书信类!!
    这种方式的结尾常出现在书信或演讲稿的文体中,表示对他人的
    祝福或对将来的展望等。如“A letter to the farmers(给农民们
    的一封信)”的结尾可以是: I hope the farmers' life will be better and better.另外,书信的结尾常有以下形式的祝福语:
    Best wishes. I wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year、wish you have a good time等。
    6、反问结尾,引人深思
    这种方式的结尾虽然形式是问句,但意义却是肯定的,而且具有一定的强调作用,可引起他人的深思。如“ Learning English can give us a lot of pleasure(学英语能为我们带来许多乐趣)”的结尾可以是: f we learn English well, we can... Don't you think learning English is great fun?
    7、自然结尾,朴实有力。
    随着文章的结束,文章自然而然地结尾。如“Helping the Policeman(帮助警察)的结尾可以是: The two children were praised by the police and they felt happy再如“ The tortoise and the hare(龟兔赛跑)”的结尾可以是: When the hare got to the tree, the tortoise had already been there。
    经典提分优秀作文结尾常用句:
    Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that…
    把所有这些因素加以考虑,我们自然会得出结论……
    Hence/Therefore, we'd better come to the conclusion that …
    因此,我们最好得出这样的结论……
    There is no doubt that (job-hopping) has its drawbacks as well as merits.
    毫无疑问,跳槽有优点也有缺点.
    All in all, we cannot live without … But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with the problems that would arise.
    总之,我们没有…是无法生活的.但同时,我们必须寻求新的解决办法来对付可能出现的新问题.
    I will conclude by saying...最后我要说…
    Therefore, we have the reason to believe that...因此,我们有理由相信…
    All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that...它可以有把握地说......
    Therefore, in my opinion, it's more advisable...因此,在我看来,更可取的是…
    From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that….通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论…
    The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that….通过数据我们得到的结论是,....
    It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论
    From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来……也许更好
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